The lower extremity, sometimes known as the leg, is made up of four bones (the femur, patella, tibia, and fibula) that bend at the hip, knee, and ankle. These bones may break into two or more components (fracture).
An open fracture is one in which a broken bone has indeed been exposed to the outside, either by an incision over the fracture or by a bone protruding through the skin. A complex fracture is another name for an open fracture.
The femoral is the thigh’s main bone. It is the body’s longest and strongest bone. The hip joint is formed by the upper section of the femur fitting into the pelvis. It can travel forward, backward, laterally, and spin in and out at this joint.
It is this upper section of the tibia that is shattered when people speak to a “broken hip.” The knee joint is formed by the low end of the scale of the femur resting on top of the tibia. Its leg can swing forward, backward, or rotate slightly at the knee.
At the front of the knee joint, the patella (kneecap) moves back and forth. The kneecap aids to add leverage in straightening out the leg by suspending the ligament from the thigh muscle. The tibialis is the shinbone that bears the weight of the body. Below the knee, the fibula travels alongside the tibia. It is smaller than that of the tibia and located on the outside of the leg.
The bottom ends of a tibia and fibula, the interconnecting foot bones, and the tendons and ligaments make up the ankle. Fractures of a tibia or fibula near and within the ankle joint can develop from severe twisting traumas to the ankle.
What Symptoms and Signs Do You Have If You Have a Bone Fracture Repair?
Pain, edema, and deformity are the most common signs of a fractured leg. A fractured leg can be visible, but it may need to be diagnosed with an X-ray. An X-ray is frequently required to determine the severity of the fracture and the exact placement of bone fragments, even if the fracture is evident.
- A shattered bone usually causes a lot of pain. The discomfort will be reduced if you keep the bone immobile. The agony will be amplified if the shattered bone moves.
- Swelling and bruises around a broken bone are usual.
- Leg deformities can take the following forms:
- Shortening: When compared to the unaffected leg, the fractured leg seems to be shorter.
- Rotation: The leg is twisted below the break.
- Angulation: Instead of bending at the joint, the leg bends at the break.
A leg can be fractured as a result of trauma, which occurs when a large force or harm is applied
If the bone has been compromised by a disease like cancer or other malignancies, bone cysts, or osteoporosis, an injury might cause a bone to break.
A stress fracture can occur as a result of repetitive usage of the leg, like the movements involved in distance running.