Global causes of terrorism and its trends

International terrorism, security dangers, and instability could not be more intense in the modern world. This is in addition to an increase in national and worldwide crime rates, as well as criminal groups that are increasingly crossing national boundaries in both legal and illegal migration. In an increasingly global environment, it could constitute a quantifiable threat to the international community.

The world is transitioning from a period of relative stability to one of substantial global order transformation. Volatility and upheaval dominate the last decade, forcing constant adaptation and transformation on a local, regional, and global scale.

Violent extremism, terrorism, and hybrid threats have led to recent sources of major dangers to global security, prosperity, and sustainability. Understanding the current global risk picture demands thoughts and information that go much beyond classic war and peace interpretations.

Around the last three decades, criminal specialists, police, and organizations all over the world are realizing a dramatic growth in the scope of international criminal activity.

Trends of terrorism affecting global security

Several worldwide developments have the potential to enhance terrorism in some places of the world. Terrorist and rebel groups are able to take advantage of potential power vacuums if the US continues to move resources and redeploy soldiers in other theatres.

Since at least 2001, investors and businesses in the United States have had to deal with the reality of global terrorism. These threats are increasing.

Simultaneously, cyber and “hybrid” attacks are expanding in speed, scale, and ferocity. Rapid technological progress, global interconnection, and even unexpected pandemics have all awing them.

1. Use of chemicals 

The use of chemicals become common in hybrid security terrorism. Poisonous gases, aerosols, that have harmful effects on people, animals, and plants are known as chemical weapons. They sometimes spray from aircraft, boats, and vehicles through bombs. They are often done as a liquid to put people and the environment in danger. 

Some chemical agents have no odor or flavor. Chemical agents, while potentially harmful, are difficult to deliver at toxic levels. When the chemicals are open to the water, they frequently evaporate quickly. It’s also tough to make chemical agents.

A chemical strike might occur at any moment. People may have difficulty inhaling, have eye discomfort, lose concentration, or become queasy as a result of a chemical release.

2. Destructing trade globally

Terrorism changes market decisions as shifting investment and consumption patterns. It is diverting public and private resources away from productive activity and toward defensive measures. Terrorism harms a country’s economic capacities by damaging wealth.

To facilitate their illegal operations, they have huge global networks and technology. These organizations are becoming more adaptable in their operations and adapting quickly to national and international law enforcement problems.

Terrorism boosts the cost of primary commodities, particularly in comparison to goods in a terrorism-free country. Due to COVID-19, Global trade is also declining.

The worldwide movement of products and services is already badly hit, which may have long-term implications for the global trading system. Prior to the pandemic, global commerce was already slowing for some time due to the changing structure of supply networks.

3. Affecting tourism badly

Terrorism, disasters, social and political instability are all typical threats to safe and comfortable travel. All types of security incidents have hurt their impression and may result in a decrease in visitor arrivals.

Security is inextricably bound to the field of tourism, since well before its inception. The tourism economy’s global implications and dimensions are responsible for reinforcing the necessity of security issues at all levels, from individual to local to global.

When a popular tourist attraction faces a security issue, tourism flows there from another location shift substantially. Terrorist threats and the repercussions of terrorist actions have become more powerful and effective than ever before. This is because of the access to the most advanced destruction technology.

4. Mental disturbance 

As terrorism has become a global worry, the mental health of its citizens is affecting significantly. There is no indication that those with mental illnesses are more violent than others, according to research. In reality, those with mental illnesses are more susceptible than others to suffer victims of violence. They’re also more likely to commit homicide, commit suicide, or harm themselves.

Only a small percentage of the population will develop psychiatric illnesses. For those who develop such a disorder, the course of their illness will differ.

Terrorism has a wide range of effects on individuals, communities, and society. Acute and persistent anxiety and depression symptoms, changes in care behaviors, or long-term strain and tension are all examples. It has an impact on a variety of facets of health and health care.

5. The increasing number of cyber attacks

Cyber terrorism, unlike traditional terrorism, relies on hostile computer technology rather than kinetic force. Cyber terrorism, like traditional terrorism, tries to achieve political, religious, or ideological goals either physically or psychologically harming civilians.

Cyber-terrorists and nation-states may steal money, data, or identities, just like criminals, or launch Attacks to bring down large networks, just like hacker groups. Much is dependent on the actors’ intentions and identities, which are not always revealed.

Cyberterrorism, unlike classic terrorism, does not now pose a threat to life or health. As a result, the effects of cyberattacks on civilians receive minimal attention. The following examples of cyberattacks are;

  • illegal access to military technology that destroys or changes signals
  • Disturbance of large websites in order to cause public discomfort or to halt traffic to websites holding content with which the hackers disapprove
  • A water treatment plant, a regional power outage, a pipeline, an oil company, or a mining activity are all targets for cyberterrorists.

Businesses must guarantee that all internet of things devices are sustainable and performance and unreachable via open networks on a corporate level. Organizations must back up their systems on a regular basis to protect themselves from ransomware and other sorts of assaults.


In conclusion, here are some trends of terrorism that are devastating rapidly. The world is facing many security challenges and all these challenges occur in the form of terrorism.

To overcome these challenges, all countries should unite on a platform and make quick decisions. The armed and unarmed guard security should also increase globally and make efficient use of the latest technology.  

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