The botanical name of cucumber fruit is Cucumis sativus. Cucumber originated in India. It is a climbing plant that is used as a summer vegetable throughout India. Cucumber fruit is eaten raw or served as a salad, or cooked as a vegetable. These fruit seeds are used to extract oil which is good for the body and mind. Cucumber contains 96% water which is good in the summer season. The plants are large, the leaves are hairy and triangular, and the flowers are yellow.
Cucumber farming requires various equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Equipment, harvesters, and tractors are the main in cultivating cucumbers; Hence, we recommend the Eicher 333 tractor.
Climate information for Cucumber Farming
The best climatic conditions required for cucumber are high humidity, and also required temperature ranges from 25 to 35 Celsius, with an average rainfall of between 20 cm to 30 cm.
It grows best in high temperature, humidity, light intensity, and uninterrupted water and nutrients.
Soil required for Cucumber Farming
Farmers can grow cucumber on alluvial soil. However, it gives the best yield if grown in soil with a sandy loam texture, with a pH of soil 6.0 to 7.0.
Loamy soil, rich in organic matter and has a good drainage system is best for cucumber cultivation. When the pH is too low, add calcitic ground limestone, or an equal amount of dolomitic limestone, to raise it to a desirable level if the magnesium level in the soil is low.
Land preparation for Cucumber Farming
Cucumber cultivation requires a well-prepared and weed-free field. Before planting, farmers should do 3-4 ploughings to make the soil well flexible. Farmers should mix FYM or cow dung in the soil to enrich the field. Soil fumigation helps in the control of weeds and soil-borne diseases. However, fumigation alone can not offer satisfactory weed control under clear plastics. Before field planting, black plastic mulching conserves moisture, raises soil temperature, and increases yield and total yield. They must place Plastic immediately over the fumigated soil.
A greenhouse is a simple structure constructed with locally available materials like bamboo, wood etc. Farmers use Ultra Violet (UV) film as the cladding material. However, you can adopt simple techniques to increase or decrease the temperature and humidity. You can reduce even the intensity by including shading materials such as mesh. During summer, you can reduce the temperature by opening the side walls. Farmers can use such structures as rain shelters for crop cultivation. Otherwise, the inside temperature rises when all the sidewalks are covered with plastic film. This type of greenhouse is mostly suitable for cold climate regions.
Cucumber Farming – Sowing Methods and Tips
Farmers sow cucumber with the help of a small instrument called ‘dibbler’. It is a wooden or iron frame with pegs. The frame is pressed into the field and lifted and then one or two seeds are dropped into each hole by hand. The queue distance should be between 120 – 150 cm. Farmers should sow Plants/seeds at a distance of 30 to 45 cm. You should keep the Seed depth between 2.0 to 4.0 cm.
Cucumber Farming – Irrigation Requirement
Cucumber plants have shallow roots and require adequate soil moisture at all stages of growth. When fruits begin to ripen and mature, adequate moisture becomes especially important. An erratic water supply, especially during flowering and fruit development, can adversely affect fruit quality and increase nubbins or fruit set. It does not require any kind of irrigation during the rainy season. However, it requires frequent irrigation during the summer season. Irrigate at an interval of four to seven days. Irrigate two days before harvesting. This will keep the fruits fresh, shiny, and attractive.
Cucumber Farming – Fertilizer requirement
Apply well-decomposed cow dung at the time of sowing, a total dose of potash and phosphorus, and one-third of nitrogen. Divide the remaining amount of nitrogen into two equal parts. Give the first dose 25-30 days after sowing and the second 40-50 days after sowing.
Minimum nitrogen content (kg/ha): 40, Maximum nitrogen content (kg/ha): 50, Minimum phosphorus content (kg/ha): 20, Maximum phosphorus content (kg/ha): 30, Minimum potassium content (kg/ha) hectare) ha): 20, maximum potassium content (kg / ha): 25
With the guidance of the cucumber farming Business, we can guide the agricultural equipment, such as tractors, implements, and harvesters. Now we are guiding about tractors. For cucumber farming, the Eicher 380 tractor is the best in agriculture. Along with this, we can suggest the Eicher 380 tractor.
For the above information related to Cucumber Cultivation in India, stay tuned with us.