Inquiry-Based Learning

Inquiry-Based Learning

Inquiry-based learning is a method of the learning process. It emphasizes the role of the student in different learning processes.

According to education researchers, Inquiry-based instruction is “a method of teaching that combines scientific methods to develop students’ curiosity and critical thinking skills development.”

“We do not learn from experience, we learn from reflecting on experience” – John Dewey

Inquiry-based learning encourages curiosity, engagement, and experimentation in a variety of ways. Students are given the ability to explore topics by asking different types of questions and finding solutions. Instead of giving instructions.

It is a philosophy and general method for teaching. Rather than a relatively complex set of rules and guidelines.

Inquiry-based learning uses a variety of teaching approaches. Which includes small group discussions and guided learning. Instead of memorizing information and material students learn to work. It helps them build through experience and discussion.


Importance of Inquiry

Memorizing information and data is not the most important skill of the present age. Educators must understand that schools need to move beyond data collection. Move on to the generation of knowledge that is needed and needed. 

The investigation is a process supported by learning. In the past all the success of our country depended on the supply of our natural resources, today it depends on a force of action that works cleverly.

In this way, by working smartly in many ways, we can move forward with the advancement of technology, which shows the importance of Inquiry.


  • Creating questions of their own
  • Obtaining supporting evidence to answer the questions
  • Explaining the evidence collected
  • Combining explanations with knowledge gained from the investigative process.
  • Creating an argument and justification for the explanation

Learning to Inquiry involves creating questions, observing, researching to find out what information is already recorded, creating test methods, collecting data, analyzing and interpreting, and making predictions in the future.

Components of Inquiry-Based Learning

There are several important elements to this inquiry-based  learning:

  • Orientation/Observation:  

The teacher introduces a new subject or concept. Students explore the subject through research. They direct instruction, and hands-on activities.

  • Question/Conceptualize:

Students create questions, make predictions, and make assumptions by selecting information on a variety of topics.

  • Investigation:

This is the longest part of inquiry learning. Students to discover answers with the help of a suitable teacher takes initiative to find evidence to refute public support and to conduct research.

  • Conclusion:

After collecting the data And information, the students develop conclusions and answers to their questions. If they determine that their guess or idea proves to be correct, there may be more questions.

  • Discussion/Sharing:

Students can learn from each other by presenting the results. The teacher should conduct the discussion, encouraging debate, and reflection.

The 5-E Model

The way to approach an inquiry lesson is the 5-E model, taking each step of this type of lesson to the next step.

  • STEP 1 – Engagement: 

This is basically the preparation phase. The purpose is to introduce ideas and create interest among the students. This is when teachers encourage students to create their own questions.

  • STEP 2 – Exploration:

During the search, students begin to actively test and develop different strategies for answering questions. Teachers observe and instruct students as they work in small groups.

  • STEP 3 – Explanation:

Students report in class with probable answers to questions, show evidence of their answers and explain how they got their answers.

  • STEP 4 – Elaboration:

To develop a deeper understanding of the ideas and to connect them with others discussions continue. In the detailed episode, the class discusses new questions. Teachers-students can introduce related ideas to encourage them to find connections.

  • STEP 5 – Evaluation:

Throughout this process teachers formally evaluate students. They can evaluate students ’learning through more formal assessments. An examination, a report, a presentation, or any other type of assessment can be the end of a lesson or project.

The Benefits of Inquiry-Based Learning

There are many benefits to inquiry-based learning. This is discussed below:

  • Enhances children’s learning experience
  • Teaches the skills needed for all areas of learning
  • Arouses curiosity among the students
  • Increases the depth of students’ understanding of the subject
  • Allows students to take ownership of their learning
  • Increases engagement with the material
  • Creates a love of learning


Experiential learning, as well as inquiry-based learning, is actively involved in the learning process of students. What students are learning is not just listening or writing. Instead, students have the opportunity to explore a subject more deeply and learn from their own experiences.

5% of what we hear and 10% of what we say is actively involved in search-based learning that enables us to capture 75% of what we do and help them better understand and remember elements by creating their own opportunities.


Inquiry-based learning offers many benefits to students. Most importantly, it keeps students engaged and helps them learn. Great things happen in the classroom and at school when students are empowered to give their own guidance when they are employed.

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