Lentil cultivation is famous among farmers. It comes under the protein-rich pulse crops. People mostly eat it as Dall by splitting it into two cotyledons. The colour of this crop is orange-red or orange-yellow. Sometimes they use it without breaking it into 2 cotyledons into many dishes. This crop is a rich source of starch, which can help in textiles and printing work. We have to mix it with wheat flour for bread and cake production. Moreover, India is the largest producer of Lentil crops in the world.
How to do Lentil Cultivation in India
As we know, Lentil is a handy crop consumed in many countries across the world. And India is the largest producer of lentils. So, you also can do it to make a profit. But, for higher production, you should consider some tips and requirements of the crops when you will grow this crop.
Usually, the temperature between 18°C – 20°C is suitable for lentil cultivation. However, at the time of sowing, you should check the temperature between 18°C – 20°C so that you can get massive production. In sequence, the rainfall must be 100 cm so that crops can take good growth. Then, after the sowing, you have to take care of the harvesting temperature 22°C – 24°C. So, with this, you can get a healthy yield.
We can cultivate lentil crops in any soil type except Saline, Alkaline or waterlogged soils. We have to keep the soil friable and weed-free so that we can place the seeds at a uniform depth. So, you do not have to think more about the soil for this farming.
Several popular varieties of lentils are available in India. We are here with some of them with their yield.
- LL 699 – 5 QTL/acre
- LL 931 – 4.8 QTL/acre
- Bombay 18 – 4 – 4.8 QTL/acre
- DPL 15 – 5.6 – 6.4 QTL/acre
- DPL 62 – 6 – 8 QTL/acre
- K 75 – 5.6 – 6.4 QTL/acre
- Pusa 4076 – 10 – 11QTL/acre
- L 4632
The production rate of this pulse crop is impressive. Choose one variety, which one you want to grow.
We have to do less soil manipulation or tillage to prepare seedbeds in case of light soil. However, in the case of hard ground, we should do one deep ploughing followed by three to four harrow operations. Then, for the proper pulverisation of the land, we should plough the field 2 to 3 times. After that, we should do levelling of the land so the water can be appropriately distributed. At the sowing time, the moisture level must be proper in the field. We should use rich tractor models like Mahindra 555 tractor and others for ploughing and harrowing.
We should sow the seeds from mid of October to the first week of November for better production of the crops. The seeds should be sown uniformly at 22 cm space. If you are late to sow the seeds, space can be 20 cm. Moreover, 3 to 4 cm depth is suitable for the sowing. You can use the Pora method or seed cum fertiliser drill with the help of quality tractors like the Mahindra 575 tractor and others.
It is a rainfed crop that needs 2 to 3 irrigation in case of the irrigated condition, depending on climate conditions. You have to rinse the field once, after 4 weeks of sowing. After that, you have to irrigate at the flowering stage. Flower initiation and pod formation are the critical stages for watering.
Many pests and diseases can harm the plants during growth to fruiting time. So to solve this out, you have to do some treatments. Let’s know about which types of diseases and pests are harmful to this farming.
Pod borer Pest: It is a very harmful pest for lentil crops. You have to spray 900 gm Hexavin 50WP in 90 litres of water/acre to treat it. You have to spray it during the flowering time and repeat it after 3 weeks if necessary.
Rust Disease: It can harm lentil crops and cause the death of plants. So, you can spray 400 gm M-45 in 200 ltr water/acre to control it.
Blight Disease: It can minimise the yield. You can control it by spraying 400 gm Bavistin in 200 ltr water/acre.
When plants get dry and pod mature, it is the right time for harvesting. We should not over-ripe the pods because they may be lost due to shattering. Instead, we can beat the plants with a stick to harvest them. You should clean the seeds and dry them in the sunshine. The temperature during storage should be 12%.
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