Health and Fitness

PAP Smear Test: Preparation, Procedure, and Results

Every aspect of your health is important, including your reproductive health. That is why it is very important to go for frequent cervical tests and examinations. This is done to ensure that your entire system is in good shape and healthy all the time. One such test is called the gynecological pap smear test. This test is conducted to check and detect if there are any abnormal cervical cells in your female reproductive health.
Your health should be placed first every day. If there are any underlying issues in the cervical region, Pap smear testing will detect them. Once detected, your OB-GYN will suggest effective treatments. Detecting the problem early enough will ensure that treatments are administered early enough to avoid further complications. You can go for a Pap smear test as a woman when you reach 21 years. So, what is a Pap smear test, and what is it all about? Let’s find out in this article.

What is Pap Smear Testing?

It is hard to tell whether a woman has cancerous or precancerous cervical cells that can lead to cervical cancer without testing. That is why you need to go for Pap smear testing regularly. You also need to know how much pap smears cost. Pap smear testing is done regularly to check and determine if there are abnormal cells in the cervix.
Abnormal cells can either be cancerous or precancerous cells that have the potential to develop into cervical cancer. It is a preventive test that allows you to take early action to prevent complications in the future. A gynecologist is the one who usually performs the Pap smear procedure. When doing the Pap smear test, the first thing that the OB-GYN will do is extract fluid samples from the cervix.

Most of the time, the gynecologist will perform both the Pap smear examination and the HPV test at the same time. HPV stands for human papillomavirus, which usually causes cervical cancer. When the test results come, and it turns out to be abnormal or unclear, it means that there is an underlying health issue, a sign of precancerous cells, or an infection.
If there is an inflammation or infection, it will also be detected by the Pap smear test, which may also be done with the HPV test.

The Benefits of Having Pap Smear Tests

Pelvic examination and pap smear testing are usually done together. These two tests are usually beneficial to women who have turned 30 years and above. The doctor and the patient will have to consult first to determine Pap smear test intervals. The recommended age for you to start having a Pap smear test is when you reach 21 years. After having the first pap smear test, the next one will be after 2 or 3 years.

Factors that increase the risk of having cervical cancer

  • If the patient has abnormal or precancerous cervical cells that are likely to develop into cervical cancer.
  • If the patient is HIV positive.
  • If the person is exposed to DES (diethylstilbestrol) before birth.
  • Suppose the immune system is not strong enough to defend the body. A weak immune system is usually brought about by chronic use of corticosteroids, chemotherapy, and organ transplant.
    There comes a time when having a Pap smear test is not necessary, and a person doesn’t need to go for Pap smear tests. When a woman reaches 65 years and above or if a woman underwent a total hysterectomy procedure.

Conclusion

Your reproductive health as a woman is very important. To ensure that there is no threat of developing cervical cancer in the cervical region, you need to undergo tests such as Pap smear testing or HPV. These two tests are crucial because they will help you to detect precancerous and abnormal cells that can cause cervical cancer in the future. These tests are done by a gynecologist at an interval of 2 to 3 years.

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