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Radish Farming In India With Guidance Of Harvesting

Radish Farming is a crop that is quickly grown, and it is famous in both temperate and tropical areas. It can be an intercrop that can develop between the rows of other vegetables. In India, from ancient times, it seems to be cultivated. It was popular among the ancient Greeks and Egyptians.

Raphanus sativus is the name of Radish. The enlarged edible roots are fusiform and vary from white to red. There are two different hereditary groups in Radish. The Asiatic varieties, primarily for tropical climates, deliver edible roots in the first season and source in the dual season as a biennial crop. On the other hand, the exotic or European types have roots in the tables of tropical and subtropical conditions and seeds in the hills of moderate climates. Farmers choose the Mahindra 275 tractor model for many purposes.

Radish Climatic Condition

Usually, it is a cool-season crop, but the Asiatic varieties can resist more heat than the European or temperate varieties. It gets the best flavour, texture, and size at 10 to 15°C. Long days, as well as high temperatures, lead to bolting without good root formation. During the hot weather, the root evolves harsh and pungent before reaching the edible length and, therefore, the crop should gather while immature and small in size. The Radish is more intense at a higher temperature. Pungency falls with a cooler temperature.

Radish Suitable Soil

Radish grows in any well-drained and loose soil. Till the soil to a 6-8 inches depth to make it lose and more convenient for growing Radish. Add a layer of FMY (farmyard manure) or garden compost to enrich it with organic matter. Grounds with a pH range of 6.0 – 7.5 are more suitable for Agriculture farming.

Radish Land Preparation

To supply fine tilth, soils should press to a 30-40 cm depth. The soil for Radish thoroughly prepared so that no clods meddle with root maturing. The soil should not include any undecomposed organic matter because that may result in the forking of roots or misshapen roots. Generally, about 30 cm deep, the first plough is done with soil turning plough, and the remaining 5 -10 ploughings are done with desi plough. Application of FMY should preferably construct at the time of preferably ploughing. Farmers used New Holland 3600 for preparing the land.

Radish Soil sterilization

Both physical and chemical norms can achieve the sterilization of the soil. Biological control measures include medicines with steam and solar power. Chemical management methods include drugs with herbicides and fumigants. Soil sterilization can also perform using translucent plastic mulch film, termed soil solarization. The incoming solar radiation spikes the transparent plastic film during soil solarisation and soak in the soil. The absorbed radiation converts into heat energy, growing soil temperature and slaying many soil-borne organisms, including pathogens and pests.

Radish Seed Rate and Seed Treatment

Radish seeds count about l05-125 grains per gram. Therefore, about 10-12 kg seed will be acceptable for sowing in one hectare of land. It has been found that soaking radish sources in Naphthalene acetic acid. 10-20 ppm before sowing effectively produces germination of radish seeds.

Radish Best Sowing time

Since Radish is an excellent season crop, its cultivation prepared during the winter season in the plains. It can sown between September and January in the northern plains as it is not affected by frost or freezing weather conditions. It grown from March to August in the hills. In the regions where summer is mild, it can be grown throughout the year, except for a few months of summer. In Bangalore, radish roots are available for 8-10 months, but only the best edible seeds are available from November to December. The temperate types generally not planted till October.

Methods of Radish Sowing

Radish usually produced on ridges to encourage good root production. The plant rows or hills about 22 cm high are kept about 45 cm apart, whereas the plants within the rows are 8 cm apart. The European or temperate types can planted 20 -30 cm apart, needing closer spacing. Commonly, the source sowing done 1.15 cm deep.

The seed planted in two ways, namely line sowing and broadcasting. There are two kinds of Planting in Radish Agriculture:

Line sowing: In the line sowing method, a seed mixed with the soil, put in the rows, and covered.

Broadcasting: Seed is combined with sand or soil in a ratio of 1:4 and distributed over the field, as even as a possibility, followed by planking. Plants spaced after germination while hoeing.

Radish Water requirement

Radish plants need regular irrigation to keep the soil moist. Rinse daily for the first 4-5 days, then every 3-4 days, depending on rainfall. In dry soil requirements, Radish tends to bolt and tastes bitter. But do not overwater; otherwise, the root will rot and break. Depending upon the season and the soil moisture availability, Radish may be irrigated.

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