Health and Fitness

Some Hidden Facts You Must Know About Blood Tests

Regular private blood testing is imperative to track your health status. By undergoing regular test is the only way to verdict if bodily changes over time healthy or not. Read on this blog to know more about regular blood tests!

What is the frequency to get routine blood test?

Once should perform the blood test every year because of basic physical screening. However, one may need more blood tests due to several reasons. They are;

  • Experiencing of persistent and unusual symptoms– It comprises of unexplainable weight gain, fatigue and new pain!
  • Optimisation of overall health- Blood components like LDL and HDL are easy to monitor. However, you can tweak the fitness or diet plan to improve your overall health condition.
  • Reduction of risk for complications and disease- Blood test helps in early detection of numerous kidney, lung and heart conditions making diagnosis easy for the doctor.

Therefore doctor consultation is must, if you want to get blood tests, !

Which routine blood tests need to perform?

The most regular blood tests are:

  • Thyroid panel
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Basic metabolic (chemical) panel
  • Nutrient test for essential nutrients like Vitamin B or iron

Other tests which sometimes need are:

  • STD tests, in case you have new partner of several sexual partners
  • Enzyme makers, if you are suspecting risk for conditions like celiac disease, stroke, liver cirrhosis and cancer

Why blood test requires fasting?

Not all tests require fasting! However, consumption of anything can interfere with certain levels. As a result, the blood test will  drop or upsurge! 8-12 hours fasting can help you to obtain most accurate blood test report. Therefore, some common blood tests require fasting are;

  • Glucose tests
  • Basic metabolic panel
  • Kidney function tests
  • Liver function tests
  • Blood sugar tests
  • Cholesterol tests

How much time needs to derive the result?

Depending on the test, result can consume a couple of hours to some days to deliver. The average time to obtain the result of some tests is shared here for your reference:

  • CBC- 24 hours
  • Basic metabolic panel- 24 hours
  • Complete metabolic panel- 24-72 hours
  • Lipid panel- 24 hours

Time also varies on the lab you visit for the test or the number of tests you have performed at once! As a result, for getting multiple tests, the result will definitely consume some time to obtain till not all are analysed. Often, lab shares the results to the recommended doctor who then share it with the patient.

Who suggests blood tests?

Basically a doctor prescribes the patient blood tests if they found something suspicious and needs testing for assessment. They give the suggestion at the time of appointment, check up or physical screening for basic or any condition. However, insurance covers fully or partially the cost of blood tests.

If you book the test via healthcare provider then you can save some money. In other words, the doctor will share some tips on selecting the convenient, well-managed and reliable testing facilities for the patients.

You can order same day private blood tests London appointments with no health insurance and doctor’s suggestion but is not recommendable at all. In the end, you have to pay a hell lot of money leading to most expensive check up you have ever had.

10 crucial blood tests you have to do once in your life

Let’s take a dig at 10 common blood tests which every adult needs to perform once in their lifetime!

  1. Complete Blood Count

CBC offers complete blood count especially the level of essential 10 components that blood cell needs. It includes platelets, RBCs and WBCs. Haematocrit and haemoglobin also determine through this test. Therefore, it can detect the abnormalities like cancer, heart conditions, infections, tissue inflammation, bone marrow issues, iron deficiency and nutritional deficiencies like Vitamin B12 and B6.

  1. Basic metabolic panel

BMP as acronym checks for certain compounds’ level in blood like sodium, glucose, calcium, electrolytes, potassium, creatinine, BUN (blood, urea and nitrogen), chloride and carbon dioxide. Fasting is necessary for 8 hours to perform this test. It figures out hormonal imbalances, diabetes and kidney diseases.

  1. Complete metabolic panel

CMP comprises of BMP measurements alongside substances and proteins associated to the liver function. It includes bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein and albumin.

  1. Lipid panel

This test finds the level of good or HDL (high-density lipoprotein) cholesterol and bad or LDL (low-density lipoprotein) cholesterol. LDL deposits plaque in arteries enhancing the heart disease risks. However, 8-hour fasting is necessary for accuracy of this test.

  1. Thyroid panel

Thyroid function or panel test figures out the secretion of thyroid hormone and its reaction to other hormones. It includes Triiodothyronine (T3), T3 resin uptake (RU), Thyroxine (T4) and Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). It is a small gland present in the neck regularising certain body functions such as overall metabolism, energy level and mood.

  1. Enzyme makers

If body can accomplish numerous chemical processes credit goes to enzymes or proteins. These are important for numerous important bodily functions. However, abnormality in the level can end up questioning numerous conditions. It tests for Creatine phosphokinase (CPK-1), CPK-2 (CK-MB), CPK-3 and Troponin.  

  1. STD tests

Blood sample easily detects the abnormality with sexual health. Therefore, it combines swab or urine samples of the infected tissues for accurate diagnoses of the condition. It perfectly detects syphilis, HIV, herpes, gonorrhoea and Chlamydia.

  1. Coagulation panel

It checks for blood clotting property and time takes for it to thicken. This is absolute necessary for overall health and can cause stroke, heart attack, improper blood circulation to lungs, heart and brain. The test helps in diagnosis of vitamin K deficiency, liver conditions, thrombosis, excessive bleeding (haemophilia) and acute myeloid leukaemia.

  1. DHEA-sulphate serum test

DHEA hormone releases from the adrenal glands. The measurement of it must be high in men and low in women. Abnormality to this rule can cause because of tumour or cancer in adrenal glands, unusual genital development, PCOS and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. It can lead to type 2 diabetes, AIDS, anorexia nervosa and kidney disease.

  1. C-reactive protein test

CRP is produced by liver when body tissues inflame! It can cause due to numerous inflammatory conditions like cancer, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, heart disease, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infection and artery inflammation.

What is the normal blood test process?

The process is performed at the lab or in the doctor’s clinic. It consumes only a couple of minutes.

At the time of blood test, the nurse, phlebotomist or the technician will:

  • Clean the spot from where they will collect the sample
  • Tie the rubber band in upper arm for making the vein prominent
  • Attach the needle to the tube and gently push into the vein to collect sample
  • Remove the needle and rubber band from the arm once the withdrawal is complete
  • Cover the site of drawing using a medical tape, clean cotton or bandage

Routine blood test possesses very low risk. But it can comprise of:

  • Vein puncture
  • Fainting due to blood loss
  • Discomfort and pain when the nurse pushes the needle

Conclusion

Blood test results give complete snapshot of the physical health of an individual. It helps in the early intervention of disorders, conditions, diseases and infections. One must undergo blood test every year. Consult with the doctor at walk in clinic in London to check the test you need to maintain your overall health.

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