Health and Fitness

The 6 Most Common Orthopedic Surgeries

Introduction to Orthopedic Surgeries

Orthopedic surgery is a medical specialty that focuses on the musculoskeletal system.

Orthopedic surgeon work to maintain and restore the function of the extremities, spine, and pelvis. They also treat pain from various conditions such as arthritis, back pain, fractures, and nerve issues.

In this post, we will discuss how orthopedics has evolved with new technology. We will also talk about some different types of orthopedic surgeries.

1. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Surgery

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, or CTS, is a common condition that affects the hands and wrists. It causes numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in the fingers, wrists, or forearms. It is caused by a narrowing of the carpal tunnel due to the swelling of tissues called synovium.

Carpal tunnel release surgery is the most recognized surgical procedure to treat CTS. The orthopedic surgeon cuts the tissue that compresses the nerve to relieve pressure. This surgery aims to decrease or eliminate pain and numbness in the fingers or hands.

After surgery, people should avoid heavy lifting and activities that require repetitive gripping for at least six weeks.

The other surgery is open Carpel tunnel release surgery. This type of surgery is done by orthopedic surgeons by making a small incision in the wrist or palm. This surgical procedure takes less time than the others, and healing and recovery are also quicker. It is also a less painful option.

2. Surgery for ACL Reconstruction

ACL surgery is a procedure that reconstructs the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) of the knee. This ACL reconstruction surgery is done to replace an ACL that has been torn or stretched. People actively involved in sports and other fitness-related activities are most likely to get this injury.

There are two different types of ACL reconstruction surgeries:

  • ACL reconstruction:  This is the most common surgery in which the orthopedic surgeon takes a piece of tissue, commonly known as a ‘graft,’ and inserts it into the knee. This surgery involves minimal invasion and a small incision.
  • ACL repair: In this surgical treatment, rather than reconstructing a graft, the torn ligament is sewn with the help of sutures. This type of surgery, unfortunately, has a higher failure rate, although currently, the procedure has been upgraded to require very little invasion.

3. Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery is done to replace a natural joint. It is typically used as a last resort to relieve pain and disability caused by arthritis or other joint diseases.

Knee replacement surgery is done with an arthroplasty, which replaces the knee joint with artificial parts. The artificial parts may be of metal, such as titanium, or plastic, such as polyethylene.

A surgeon usually performs this surgery after determining that there is no other way to help relieve the pain and disability associated with arthritis or other diseases affecting the joints. It is a 60-minute long surgery and requires general anesthesia so that the patient doesn’t feel any pain during and after the procedure.

4. Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement surgery is a procedure in which the diseased or injured parts of the hip joint are removed and replaced with artificial prosthetic components. It is done as an alternative to pain medication and other treatments for severe osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, bone tumors, and other conditions causing pain or disability.

A typical hip replacement surgery takes about two hours, and the patient will need several days in the hospital following the operation. The recovery period for a total hip replacement can be up to six months, depending on each patient’s needs.

5. Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Shoulder replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that replaces the shoulder joint with an artificial device.

It can be performed in two stages or together. The first operation will involve removing the damaged part of the shoulder and replacing it with a metal, plastic, or ceramic implant. This implant is usually called a prosthesis. The second operation is done to place the prosthesis into the socket of the shoulder and allow it to heal for eight weeks to two months before returning to regular activities.

This surgery’s success rate is about ninety-five percent. Patients who undergo this procedure feel improved and report that they can enjoy activities like gardening and golfing once again without pain in their shoulders.

  1. Spinal fusion surgery

Spine fusion surgery is done in the case of issues related to the vertebrae. The vertebrae are a series of 33 small bones that make up our spine. These vertebrae are separated by discs and cushioned by ligaments and muscles. The purpose of this surgery is to blend the vertebrae that cause the pain. In this surgical procedure, two or more vertebrae are connected so that the movement between them is eliminated, which is the cause of the pain.

Several techniques are used in the surgery depending upon the placement of the affected vertebrae and the overall health of the patient.

Conclusion

With the availability of modern techniques, robust infrastructure, and state-of-the-art facilities, orthopedic surgeries have become more common. They are undoubtedly the best way to eliminate issues related to bones in our bodies. Orthopedic surgeons today constantly look for more viable and less painful surgical procedures, making orthopedic surgeries more feasible.

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