The Importance of Indian Festivals

People know India for its rich cultural heritage and the plethora of Indian festivals throughout the year. Our Indian tradition inspires many countries and they have started celebrating these festivals with enthusiasm. Every festival has a mythological reference or story behind how it began. There are also different names of the same festival in different parts of the country. No matter what the occasion is, people are always excited and celebrate each day with joy.

Indian customs and rituals bring people together and signify the power of unity & brotherhood. The Indian festivals are a reason to unite and happen to be great attractions for tourists from all over the world. Our old age tradition has influenced many western countries and they have started celebrating the festivals with great fervor. The year begins with Makar Sankranti, Holi and the list goes on.

Below are the different Hindu festivals and their importance in India:

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankranti typically falls on the 14th of January every year. It celebrates the harvest season and reveres Lord Surya. While the Maharashtrian and Gujarati communities call it “Makar Sankranti”, Tamilians celebrate this day as Pongal, Sikhs as Lohri, and Assamese as Magh Bihu. Every region has its own way of enjoying this day and offering prayers. It is famous for Kite flying, Til- Gul Laddoos (Laddoos made of Sesame seeds and jaggery), Bonfire at night, and more.


The festival of colors- Holi brings happiness and lots of fun. It is a 2-day festival wherein the first day is Holika Dahan and the latter is Holi or Rangpanchami. People light bonfire on Holika Dahan that represents the burning of our bad Karmas, deeds, and negative energies. On the next day, People apply colours to each other’s faces and kids also play with water balloons and water guns (Pichkari). This is one of the most exciting times where people from every age group enjoy.


People also know Gokulashtami as Janmashtami, which marks the birth of Lord Krishna. Devotees observe fast throughout the day & break it after the Krishna Janma rituals at night. People celebrate the next day as Dahi Handi where they form a human pyramid and break the yogurt-filled pot that is tied at a height. This resembles Lord Krishna and His friends who used to steal the yogurt that was tied at a greater height in the home to keep it out of their reach. Each area in the city has its own Dahi Handi celebration going on and competitions with huge prizes are held.

Also Read: 5 bucket list trips in India

Independence Day

It is the most important festival for every Indian and a national holiday too. Independence Day represents India’s freedom from the unjust practices and rules of foreign countries. It honors the selfless sacrifice of freedom fighters. It is a reminder to every citizen to be thankful for being an Indian. This day keeps the patriot within every Indian alive and especially dedicated to expressing the love for the country.  

Raksha Bandhan

The special festival for siblings that denotes love and care is Raksha Bandhan. Ideally, the sister ties a Rakhi on her brother’s wrist and receives a gift from him. While the sister prays for her brother’s well-being and long life, the brother promises to keep her safe. Raksha means protection and Bandhan is a boundary that tells that a brother is bound to protect his sister.


Ganeshotsav beginning from Ganesh Chaturthi in the Hindu month of Bhadrapada welcomes Lord Ganesha in a home. festivities are at their peak at this time of the year and the entire nation pumps up to enjoy Lord Ganesha’s arrival. As per ancient stories, Lord Ganesha returns to the Earth from Mount Kailash with His mother Parvati. Ganesha idols made of clay are established in the home for 10 or 11 days and worshipped with sincere devotion. Aarti is performed, Naivedyam is offered, various recreational contests are held and a lot happens during this 10-day Ganeshotsav festival. On the final day- the Ganesh Chaturdashi, idols are immersed in water and the people pray to Lord Ganesha to arrive sooner next year.


Navratri literally means nine nights where people literally spend time worshipping Goddess Durga. Each day is devoted to a form of Durga Maa and prayers are offered for blessings of the Divine Goddess. Apart from the worship rituals, Navratri is popular for Garba, Dandiya Raas, and other such dance forms. Men and women dress up in traditional attire and dance to the Garba songs. Devotees perform a dance in a circular alignment that represents the womb of a mother. It shows the origin of the sacred energy and the source of this Creation.


Towards the end of the year, the most amazing and awaited festival of the year arrives- Diwali. People also call it Festival of Lights for so many reasons. Not only does it get this title from the numerous lights and oil lamps lit in and around the houses but also from how light prevails over darkness. It celebrates the victory of good over bad and signifies the new ray of hope that lightens up the lives. This five-day festival begins with Dhanteras followed by Narak Chaturdashi, Laxmi Pujan, Dipawali Padwa/ New Year, and Bhai Dooj.

Such is India – the land of Incredible Festivals! People beleive Indian festivals to be in existence since the oldest times. They are celebrated to maintain the oneness in families & the community and instill spirituality. It is an exceptional culture where each day, there is something to celebrate. One must proudly keep following & passing down the rituals to future generations.


David Sanders is a digital marketing professional and blogger with a strong passion for writing. He shares views and opinions on topics related to Indian festivals & a lot more.

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