What is Urology?
Urology is a medical specialty concerned with the male and female urinary tract, male reproductive organs, and the prostate. In addition to treating injuries and other conditions affecting these areas, urologists treat sexual dysfunction in men and women, such as erectile dysfunction and problems with ejaculation. Urologists may also treat kidney stones. A urologist is a qualified physician who specializes in diseases of the urinary tract system.
It is common for men to see a urologist after experiencing symptoms such as burning sensation while urinating or trouble with erectile function, or if there are signs that kidney, bladder, prostate, or testes are not functioning correctly. A urologist is a type of doctor who can help with urinary tract infections, kidney disease, problems with the reproductive system, and erectile dysfunction.
Some conditions that are treated by urologists:
Urinary tract infections (UTI): These are a common condition, particularly among women. Symptoms include abnormal urinary habits, pain, and inflammation of the bladder or urethra (the tube which drains urine from the bladder to the outside world), fever, nausea, weakness, and chills. Treating UTIs quickly is important to help prevent complications, such as kidney infection. Treatment involves antibiotics and sometimes other medication.
Urinary incontinence: It means leaking urine uncontrollably. It is caused by an injury to the bladder or surrounding nerves. A more common cause is pregnancy, which stretches the pelvic floor muscles, parts of muscle that run around the front, back, and sides of the pelvis and provides control over urination.
Male reproductive health: It encompasses a variety of issues and challenges, most of which can be managed to a large degree with basic living and dietary changes. For example, infections in the reproductive tract are among the most common causes of male infertility.
Healthy lifestyles also play an important role in maintaining good sperm counts and quality. Keeping existing sperm cells healthy, and ensuring overall reproductive health and vigor. Also, check the best urologist in Mumbai if you have any urological-related disorders.
Some other serious causes are:
kidney infections: Like all urinary tract infections, kidney infections start with bacteria or other germs that enter the urethra and travel up to the bladder. From there, the infection spreads upward to the kidneys. Where the tiny nephron filters work to filter harmful waste products from the blood. Kidney disease can lead to swelling in your hands and ankles, high blood pressure, and an increased risk of heart attack or stroke. We have medications that can help prevent ad urine infections.
Renal transplantation: Kidney failure is the loss of a significant or total amount of kidney function. This can result from diseases that affect the kidneys or from problems with blood vessels. Also, result in circulation in the area of the kidneys. In renal transplantation, healthy kidneys get removed from one person and transplanted into another person.
For the Person whose kidneys are not working renal transplantation is performed to preserve kidney function as long as possible. It improves the overall quality of life for persons who have lost kidney function due to chronic illness or injury.
Urologic oncology: also known as genitourinary oncology, is the medical specialty dealing with cancers that relate to the urological or male reproductive system, such as bladder cancer and prostate cancer.
Bladder prolapse: An estimated one in every four women will experience bladder prolapse at some point in their lives. An increasing number are developing bladder prolapse as the population ages. If you have or know someone who has bladder prolapse, this brochure is for you.
Enlarged prostate: Treatment for enlarged prostate usually involves a combination of drug therapy and surgery. Which can include transurethral resection of the prostate. TURP is a procedure where the doctor uses a laparoscope at the same time to remove tissue.